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Shift bits specified number of places



C = bitshift(A, k) returns the value of A shifted by k bits. Input argument A must be an unsigned integer or an array of unsigned integers. Shifting by k is the same as multiplication by 2^k. Negative values of k are allowed and this corresponds to shifting to the right, or dividing by 2^abs(k) and truncating to an integer. If the shift causes C to overflow the number of bits in the unsigned integer class of A, then the overflowing bits are dropped.

C = bitshift(A, k, n) causes any bits that overflow n bits to be dropped. The value of n must be less than or equal to the length in bits of the unsigned integer class of A (e.g., n <= 32 for uint32).

Instead of using bitshift(A, k, 8) or another power of 2 for n, consider using bitshift(uint8(A), k) or the appropriate unsigned integer class for A.


Example 1

Shifting 1100 (12, decimal) to the left two bits yields 110000 (48, decimal).

Example 2

Repeatedly shift the bits of an unsigned 16 bit value to the left until all the nonzero bits overflow. Track the progress in binary:

See Also

bitand, bitcmp, bitget, bitmax, bitor, bitset, bitxor, fix

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