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Hadamard matrix



H = hadamard(n) returns the Hadamard matrix of order n.


Hadamard matrices are matrices of 1's and -1's whose columns are orthogonal,

where [n n] = size(H) and I = eye(n,n).

They have applications in several different areas, including combinatorics, signal processing, and numerical analysis, [1], [2].

An n-by-n Hadamard matrix with n > 2 exists only if rem(n,4) = 0. This function handles only the cases where n, n/12, or n/20 is a power of 2.


The command hadamard(4) produces the 4-by-4 matrix:

See Also

compan, hankel, toeplitz


[1]  Ryser, H. J., Combinatorial Mathematics, John Wiley and Sons, 1963.

[2]  Pratt, W. K., Digital Signal Processing, John Wiley and Sons, 1978.

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