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Fan-Beam Projection Data

The fanbeam function in the Image Processing Toolbox computes projections of an image matrix along specified directions. A projection of a two-dimensional function f(x,y) is a set of line integrals. The fanbeam function computes the line integrals along paths that radiate from a single source, forming a fan shape. To represent an image, the fanbeam function takes multiple projections of the image from different angles by rotating the source around the center of the image. The following figure shows a single fan-beam projection at a specified rotation angle.

Fan-Beam Projection at Rotation Angle Theta

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