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Data gridding



ZI = griddata(x,y,z,XI,YI) fits a surface of the form z = f(x,y) to the data in the (usually) nonuniformly spaced vectors (x,y,z). griddata interpolates this surface at the points specified by (XI,YI) to produce ZI. The surface always passes through the data points. XI and YI usually form a uniform grid (as produced by meshgrid).

XI can be a row vector, in which case it specifies a matrix with constant columns. Similarly, YI can be a column vector, and it specifies a matrix with constant rows.

[XI,YI,ZI] = griddata(x,y,z,XI,YI) returns the interpolated matrix ZI as above, and also returns the matrices XI and YI formed from row vector XI and column vector yi. These latter are the same as the matrices returned by meshgrid.

[...] = griddata(...,method) uses the specified interpolation method:

Triangle-based linear interpolation (default)
Triangle-based cubic interpolation
Nearest neighbor interpolation
MATLAB 4 griddata method

The method defines the type of surface fit to the data. The 'cubic' and 'v4' methods produce smooth surfaces while 'linear' and 'nearest' have discontinuities in the first and zero'th derivatives, respectively. All the methods except 'v4' are based on a Delaunay triangulation of the data. If method is [], then the default 'linear' method is used.

[...] = griddata(...,method,options) specifies a cell array of strings options to be used in Qhull via delaunayn. If options is [], the default delaunayn options are used. If options is {''}, no options are used, not even the default.

Occasionally, griddata might return points on or very near the convex hull of the data as NaNs. This is because roundoff in the computations sometimes makes it difficult to determine if a point near the boundary is in the convex hull.


XI and YI can be matrices, in which case griddata returns the values for the corresponding points (XI(i,j),YI(i,j)). Alternatively, you can pass in the row and column vectors xi and yi, respectively. In this case, griddata interprets these vectors as if they were matrices produced by the command meshgrid(xi,yi).


The griddata(...,'v4') command uses the method documented in [3]. The other griddata methods are based on a Delaunay triangulation of the data that uses Qhull [2]. For information about Qhull, see For copyright information, see


Sample a function at 100 random points between ±2.0:

x, y, and z are now vectors containing nonuniformly sampled data. Define a regular grid, and grid the data to it:

Plot the gridded data along with the nonuniform data points used to generate it:

See Also

delaunay, griddata3, griddatan, interp2, meshgrid


[1]  Barber, C. B., D.P. Dobkin, and H.T. Huhdanpaa, "The Quickhull Algorithm for Convex Hulls," ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software, Vol. 22, No. 4, Dec. 1996, p. 469-483. Available in PDF format at

[2]  National Science and Technology Research Center for Computation and Visualization of Geometric Structures (The Geometry Center), University of Minnesota. 1993.

[3]  Sandwell, David T., "Biharmonic Spline Interpolation of GEOS-3 and SEASAT Altimeter Data", Geophysical Research Letters, 2, 139-142,1987.

[4]  Watson, David E., Contouring: A Guide to the Analysis and Display of Spatial Data, Tarrytown, NY: Pergamon (Elsevier Science, Inc.): 1992.

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